April 18, 2017
National Medical Laboratory Week is April 16 - 22!
When health care providers are looking for answers, they may turn to laboratory tests. Our highly trained Medical Laboratory Professionals here at HPHA sort, analyze and run tests on samples to provide accurate results that are vital to our patients' care. Our Medical Laboratory Professionals are here for our patients from head to toe!
Throat: Bacteria grow in your body causing an infection. A very common bacterial infection is strep throat, caused by a group A streptococcal infection. A throat swab will be taken which is then sent to the lab to grow/identify the bacteria and to do specialized testing to provide a list of suitable antibiotics for the physician.
Heart: One of the most accurate ways to know if a heart attack has occurred is through a blood test. A blood sample is taken and sent to the lab where it is prepared for chemical analysis. Using an analyser, specific biomarkers (eg. Hs-Troponin I) will determine if the patient is experiencing a heart attack or not.
Lungs: Pleural fluid is found in the membranes surrounding your lungs. It's normal to have a small amount of fluid as it helps us breathe normally. With certain diseases such as lung cancer, too much fluid is produced. Lab professionals prepare, stain and examine this type of fluid and identify the cells found in it. If a cell looks suspicious it is referred to a pathologist for final diagnosis. Did you know, according to the Canadian Cancer Society that across Canada 500 cases of cancer are diagnosed every day in the lab?
Bladder: Analysis of urine is a very common lab test as it can provide a host of information. Lab professionals analyze the level of chemical levels. If there are abnormal readings, the sample is spun in a centrifuge to separate the fluid from the sediment. A drop of the sediment is viewed under the microscope where the following could be seen: red and/or white blood cells, skin cells, bacteria or yeast, parasites or crystals.
Foot: When a physician needs a closer look at what's happening under the skin surface a tissue biopsy may be ordered. A sample of tissue is removed from the body and prepared for visual analysis under the microscope by a pathologist. A lab professional in the histology lab, performs several steps to ensure the sample is prepared correctly for the most accurate results. The tissue is processed to dehydrate it and them embedded into a wax mould. The wax-embedded tissue is sliced very finely to reveal deeper layers. The layers are mounted on a microscope slide and stained to enhance details.